Wednesday, June 3, 2015

Out & About--Age of Elegance at L. A.'s Historic Biltmore Hotel


One of my newest partnerships is with Discover Los Angeles, the tourism site for the city. They have invited me to write articles on historic locations for them, which will seem familiar to many of you who enjoy my Out & About series on GlamAmor.  The first of my visits for them was at the Biltmore Hotel in downtown Los Angeles, and you can see that article through the link above or by continuing to read below.  I hope you enjoy this visit to the Biltmore!

-----

It's hard to remember that just past the turn of the century, Los Angeles was a small city known more for its oil reserves, orange groves, and great expanses of land than anything else. There was little here outside incredible year-round weather, and that is what lured the first film production companies away from the East Coast. Initially, they came on a part-time basis to avoid the cold winter months, but soon they came to stay.  L.A. quickly became the center of the industry and experienced a population boom. Even so, it was still very young in the eyes of the rest of the country. At a time when this area was still evolving and finding its identity, the arrival of the opulent Biltmore Hotel in 1923 was a "statement to the rest of the world that Los Angeles had arrived as an American metropolis." Its impact was undeniable and its grandeur would become an integral part of the history of our city.

The Biltmore opened its doors on October 1, 1923, and celebrations began almost immediately on a scale that few have ever seen. The following evening, 3,000 people poured into the hotel for a party that included Hollywood luminaries like studio head Jack Warner, Cecil B. DeMille, Mary Pickford, and then starlet Myrna Loy.  It was such an elaborate affair that guests were served a seven-course dinner and serenaded by seven orchestras across the hotel's Galleria and glittering ballrooms. And, with a slightly surreal touch that seems straight out of the movies, the symphony of music was accented by singing canaries.

This was far from the only elegant event at the Biltmore. At this point in the city's history, downtown Los Angeles was the center of its entertainment with the theater district still thriving along Broadway. Much of the social scene of the 1920s was at the Biltmore, including the era's most glamorous stars--from Gloria Swanson to Theda Bara.  Even in this time of Prohibition, the hotel's Gold Room acted as a speakeasy complete with a hidden door to help revelers avoid the police (and often press and paparazzi) and escape onto Olive Street. The door is still there--connecting to a room that has a wooden counter top, coat hooks, and bathroom--though the exit on Olive has been sealed in brick. The Presidential Suite--a spacious room that has seen six U. S. presidents, royalty, and notorious gangsters like Bugsy Siegel and Al Capone--still has a recessed spot to hide liquor, which remained illegal in most of L.A. until 1933.

From the beginning, the Biltmore was a backdrop for Hollywood, in more ways than one, and the hotel is heavily intertwined with that history. Within its first year, it was already a shooting location for DeMille's 1924 film Triumph. It would continue to offer itself for scenes in film, particularly those trying to capture the polish of the past, such as Ocean's 11 (1960), The Sting (1973), Chinatown (1974), and Bugsy (1991) as well as television's Mad Men

Because of its elegance, it was the favorite place to meet and be merry in the 1920s and 1930s. Whether it was stars simply going out on the town or studios throwing a big bash, the Biltmore was the place to be. Even the party for the opening of Grauman's Chinese Theatre, located all the way across town in Hollywood, was held here. In fact, many of the most important moments of Hollywood history have happened at the Biltmore. In 1927, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) was born at a gathering in the hotel's Crystal Ballroom. Legend has it that MGM's great production designer Cedric Gibbons even sketched the first Oscar statue on one of the hotel's linen napkins.

It only seems appropriate then that the actual Oscar ceremony would be held here. After a couple years at the Roosevelt (1929) and Ambassador (1930) hotels, the awards came to the Biltmore. It took place in the Biltmore Bowl, a ballroom that was added to the original hotel in 1928 and its grandest--approximately a third wider and longer than the others and could hold some 1,000 guests. The Oscars would return in 1935-1939 as well as 1941-1942.  As a result, the number of stars who stepped through its doors is staggering.  Clark Gable, Spencer Tracy, Jimmy Stewart, and Gary Cooper all won their Oscars here.  So did Bette Davis, Joan Fontaine, Ginger Rogers, and Claudette Colbert. The Biltmore is where It Happened One Night (1934) set a record by sweeping the Oscars' top honors--Best Picture, Best Director, Best Screenplay, Best Actor, and Best Actress.  Claudette was so convinced she wouldn't win that she went to Union Station to board a train and had to be brought back to the Biltmore to accept her award. These are just some of the stories from those glory days. For anyone who loves film of the 1920s and 1930s, the Biltmore is sacred ground.

Once you see the Biltmore, you will understand why it was--and still is--so revered.  It is a work of art in and of itself.  From the very beginning, the founder of the hotel, John McEntee Bowman, wanted the best of the best.  He already had great success with hotels in New York and exotic locales like Cuba, and saw the future of Los Angeles.  He hired the architecture firm of Schultze & Weaver, who also designed the exclusive Jonathan Club in downtown Los Angeles, to build Bowman's masterpiece.  And the man responsible for the decorative artistry inside the hotel is Italian genius Giovanni Battista Smeraldi. Smeraldi was renowned for his work on two of the most famous buildings in the world--the White House and the Vatican--when he was commissioned to work on the Biltmore in Los Angeles.  


John McEntee Bowman

With inspiration from the Italian and Spanish Renaissance everywhere you look, the hotel's three towers stretch above the ballrooms below to give its guests a view of the Pershing Square park across the street. With over 1,000 rooms when it was built, and each with its own bathroom (pure luxury at the time), it was the "largest and grandest" hotel west of Chicago. The original lobby--now called the Rendevous Court--reminds you of a Spanish cathedral.  Three stories high with travertine walls and arches that intersect with a vaulted ceiling. Two bronze light fixtures imported from Italy hang in between the ceiling's ribs. There are elaborate carvings wherever you look, and the room is finished with paint that is accented in 24-karat gold. It's hard not to think of all the people who walked through this grand room and swept up its double staircase to reach the rest of the hotel. This kind of welcome makes you understand why the Biltmore was known as the "Host of the Coast."

Past the stairs and elevators, one first enters the Galleria...a 350 foot long hall that is as spectacular as the grand rooms it connects. The best known of these rooms is the Crystal Ballroom. It was simply called "The Ballroom" when it was built, then changed to the "Blue Room" before being named after its two signature Austrian crystal chandeliers. They're so delicate that staff climb up to clean them (rather than having them drop down) and then must do so in sections "like an onion." The lights, which give the room a soft glow, are at the center of a concave-domed ceiling covered in a single canvas hand-painted by Smeraldi. This is only the beginning of the grandeur. All around the room, cream columns stand between balconies and french doors. Three great windows stand at the top of the room and almost reach the ceiling. It can seat 700 people, but the Biltmore's Tiffany Room is right next door and can open up even more space for the main Ballroom.

The Emerald Room is very different and reminds one of a hunting lodge. Its ceiling looks like it is built of beams of dark wood (apparently almost everything is made of plaster) and it's painted with many animal motifs, including different dogs in between each of the columns that seems something of a wink from Smeraldi. Like the Crystal, its name evolved over the years. It was once used as the main "Dining Room" for the Biltmore and known simply as that, and then later renamed the "Renaissance Room" before coming to its current moniker. One of the Emerald Room's claims to fame is that it was Lyndon B. Johnson's war room during the 1960 Democratic National Convention that was held at the hotel. Likewise, the Music Room--now the working lobby of the hotel--was the war room for Johnson's opponent and the man who would eventually become President, John F. Kennedy. One can imagine pages running frantically between the campaigns, including Adlai Stevenson in the hotel's Gold Room, during that historic convention.

The Gold Room has another connection to a very important player in the Biltmore's 90+ year history--one of its owners, the colorful Baron Long. Long was a man who grew from a "small-time bad boy to a major player in night clubs, hotels, and horse racing." He was a partner in Agua Caliente, a luxury gaming resort in Tijuana where the elite went to stay and play without limits during the era of Prohibition. This is where a young Margarita Cansino--later known to the world as Rita Hayworth--was first discovered while dancing there with her father. Many from Hollywood were frequent guests of Agua Caliente including Louis B. Mayer, Clark Gable, Jean Harlow, Charlie Chaplin, and Gloria Swanson. These same people also partied closer to home at the Vernon Country Club, a successful dive owned by Long in the industrial city five miles south of L.A.; Vernon was one of the few "wet" areas during Prohibition. But in 1933, once the country was free to drink again, Long decided to buy the Biltmore and bring his party to downtown Los Angeles. He even added hints of Agua Caliente in the Biltmore. What was once known as the "Palm Room" was redecorated and renamed after the room at his Mexican gaming resort where million dollar bets were placed--the Gold Room. And so the Biltmore's Gold Room was born and quickly became the premiere place for drinks in the evening.


Baron Long

You feel every bit of this history as you walk through the hotel and it still blows you away with its opulence. It was described as "luxury heaped upon luxury" by the Los Angeles Times when it was built and none of that has changed. It seems like a dream to stay there, especially with its original indoor pool and steam room, and will be even more so when room renovations are completed next year. There has been much renovation and restoration in Downtown Los Angeles in recent years, and as a result it has become a hot spot once again. Because the Biltmore is located near so many cultural attractions--such the Walt Disney Concert Hall, the Ahmanson Theater, and Museum of Contemporary Art (MOCA)--it continues to be a popular destination.   

Even if you don't check in, you must still make a visit.  There are two wonderful restaurants in which to dine--Smeraldi's and Bugis Street Brasserie--as well as the Gallery Bar and Cognac Room for a sophisticated evening of cocktails. For a lovely afternoon, the traditional tea in the Rendevous Court is well known and has become so popular that other hotels have scrambled to start their own. And if you'd like to take a historic tour of the Biltmore, the Los Angeles Conservancy offers one at 2 pm on Sundays--click the link to make your reservation. The hotel is such a landmark of Los Angeles, it was declared a historic monument in 1969.

There's so much to love in its history and you can channel so many eras within its walls. The 1920s and 1930s saw the start of a glamorous relationship with Hollywood--both on and off screen--that has continued to this day. That same period saw the romanticism of Prohibition and the Jazz Age. The 1940s saw the hotel playing a patriotic role when it housed servicemen during World War II. The 1950s brought guests back who wanted to celebrate in style. And the following decade saw the beginning of Camelot at the hotel with John F. Kennedy and the 1960 Democratic National Convention along with the idealism of a new age.

That aspirational feeling has not left.  The Biltmore Hotel is an architectural masterpiece that offers guests and visitors elegance in our modern times.

Welcome to the Millennium Biltmore Hotel.


Photos above and below of the Biltmore Hotel in the early 1920s
 courtesy of the Department of Water and Power


The Biltmore Hotel sits along Olive Street 
across from Pershing Square in downtown Los Angeles


Front of the hotel circa 1924 

Photos above and below courtesy of the Biltmore Hotel



The Biltmore Hotel was once one of the taller buildings in downtown Los Angeles...
it still stands proudly against the modern skyline

Photo above courtesy of WatsonAdventures.com
and photo below courtesy of IneTours.com



The original lobby--three stories high with vaulted ceilings--
is now called the Rendevous Court




The double stairway made of travertine that takes you to the rest of the hotel
with its original 1923 clock at the top that still tells the time




The 350 foot Galleria connects to all the beautiful main rooms
and is just as spectacular as the rest of the hotel



The glittering Crystal Ballroom of the Biltmore Hotel--
once called the "Blue Room" and originally just "The Ballroom"--
is famous for the many important events of film history that have taken place here

Photo above and historic photos below courtesy of the Biltmore Hotel


Big nights in the Crystal Ballroom--the October 2, 1923 opening night gala (above)
and 
the May 11, 1927 AMPAS organization banquet (below)


Bob Hope at the 50th anniversary of the Oscars (below) in the Crystal Ballroom,
the last time he would host the event



Detail of the Crystal ballroom's handpainted ceiling



Brass gates--which once were at the entrance to each of the ballrooms--
open to the spectacular Gold Room



The Gold Room was the premiere place for drinks in the evening



A speakeasy during Prohibition, the Gold Room still has a secret door 
that leads to a hidden room and passage that exits onto Olive Street (now sealed)



The 1935 Oscars at the Biltmore saw Clark Gable and 
Claudette Colbert both win for It Happened One Night (1934)



The Biltmore Bowl during the 1937 Academy Awards--
you can see Cecil DeMille and Henry Fonda in foreground as well as many other stars--
and same space today (below) that was split in two to make it a more practical size for modern events

Photos above and below courtesy of the Biltmore Hotel



The Biltmore Hotel was headquarters for the 1960 Democratic National Convention, 
where John F. Kennedy was nominated to run for president

Photos above and below courtesy of the Biltmore Hotel



The Music Room with its alabaster skylight, now the lobby for the hotel,
was once the war room for John F. Kennedy's campaign



The Cognac Room--now an elegant enclave for drinks--was once the entrance to the Music Room...
art on the walls are pieces that once hung in the Gold Room



Next to the Cognac Room,
the gorgeous Gallery Bar with its granite bar reminds one of a gentlemen's club

Photo above courtesy of the Biltmore Hotel



The Emerald Room--once the main dining room for the hotel--
became the war room for Lyndon B. Johnson during the 1960 convention

LBJ photo above courtesy of Wikipedia
and room photo below courtesy of the Biltmore Hotel


The Emerald Room today 
with ceiling detail below



Last but certainly not least, the hotel's indoor pool and health club--once only available to men--
was built in 1926 and modeled after the look of a cruise ship like the Queen Mary



Detail of the original column and floor tiles around the pool



Saying goodbye to the Biltmore Hotel

Photos above and below courtesy of the Biltmore Hotel


Special Thanks

Kendra Walker and Steve Eberhard of the Millennium Biltmore Hotel Los Angeles

Additional Sources

Beyette, Beverly.  The Biltmore: 75 Years. Los Angeles Times. 4 October 1998.

Biltmore Hotel. Pre-1976 brochure.

Evans, Leslie. On the Track of the Elusive Baron Long. 1 June 2012. Web. http://boryanabooks.com/?p=1526 15 May 2015.

Vanderwood, Paul J. Satan's Playground: Mobsters and Movie Stars at American's Greatest Gaming Resort.  Durham: Duke University Press Books, 2009.

Wallach, Ruth, Linda McCann, Dace Taube, Claude Zachary, and Curtis C. Roseman. Historic Hotels of Los Angeles and Hollywood. Charleston: Arcadia Publishing, 2008. Web. 15 May 2015. http://www.usc.edu/libraries/subjects/slavic/documents/historichotels.pdf

Photos

All color photos by Kimberly Truhler unless otherwise noted

Historic photos courtesy of the Biltmore Hotel and Dept. of Water and Power Los Angeles (waterandpower.org)

Monday, May 11, 2015

Events--STYLE STORIES-JOAN CRAWFORD Talk at Annenberg Beach House Tomorrow!


In the next of my STYLE STORIES series at the Annenberg Beach House, I'll be speaking about the career and style evolution of Joan Crawford!

Tuesday, May 12th

Joan Crawford 
Featuring The Women (1939) + Mildred Pierce (1945)

6:30 pm - 8:00 pm

Guest speaker
Annenberg Beach House 
Santa Monica, CA

Some from the Golden Age of Hollywood have transcended film and have become iconic because of their style. This is the third in a series that compares films from different times in the careers of four legendary actresses—Marlene Dietrich, Gloria Swanson, Joan Crawford, and Audrey Hepburn

The films we discuss will feature different costume designers working with the star. Some will show a certain continuity of style.  Some will show dramatic changes. They all will offer insight into the lives of these women, their evolution as actresses, and ascent as style icons. Learning the stories behind their screen style gives us even deeper insight into the history of film as well as their impact on the history of fashion.


An additional area of interest is that the Annenberg Beach House is the former estate of 1920s and 1930s screen star Marion Davies and William Randolph Hearst, and Joan is another actress in this series who has a personal connection to the place.

Event is FREE to the public, but you must RSVP to reserve your seat in order to attend.  

To see the date and details of the last in the STYLE STORIES series, visit the GlamAmor Events page for more information.


Marion Davies' original Guest House today where Joan Crawford once played (above)
and that Guest House (below, left) as part of Marion Davies' grand beachfront estate

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...